１Hirayama, T. Lifestyle and mortality: A Large-Scale Census-Based Cohort Study in Japan, Contributions to Epidemiology and Biostatistics Vol.6. Karger (Basel), 1990.
２U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Reducing the Health Consequences of Smoking: 25 Years of Progress. A Report of Surgeon General. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health. DHHS Publication No.(CDC)89-8411, 1989.
３U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking for Women. A Report of Surgeon General. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Health, Office on Smoking and Health, 1980.
５U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Guide to clinical preventive services: an assessment of the effectiveness of 169 interventions. Report of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Williams & Wilkins 1989.
６U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Respiratory Health Effects of Passive Smoking: Lung Cancer and Other Disorders. Office of Research and Development, Office of Health and Environmental Assessment. EPA 600/6-90/006F, 1992.
７Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, California Environmental Protection Agency. Health Effects of Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke. Final Draft for Scientific, Public, and Scientific Review Panel Review, Released February 1997. Revisions to Final Draft, Released June 9, 1997.
８寺尾敦史ら. 都市の一般住民におけるたばこ煙暴露状況: 喫煙の生化学的指標を用いた分析. 日本公衛誌. 45:3-14, 1998.
９加治正行ら. わが国の小児の血中鉛濃度-受動喫煙の影響- 日本小児科学会雑誌.101: 1583-1587, 1997.